- 14 C:
- William Tell; Arnold von Winkelried. Did they really
- 15 C:
- St Nicholas
- 15 and 16 C:
- Ulrich Zwingli, reformer;
- Joachim von Watt known as Vadian, humanist and reformer;
- Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, known as
Paracelsus, natural scientist and alchemist;
- Francois de Bonivard, prisoner of Chillon.
- 16 and 17 C:
- Domenico Fontana, architect.
- 17 C:
- Kaspar Jodok von Stockalper.
- 17 and 18 C:
- Jakob and Johann Bernoulli, mathematicians.
- 18 C:
- Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician;
- Jean Etienne Liotard, painter;
- Leonhard Euler, mathematician;
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosopher and writer;
- Salomon Gessner, poet and painter;
- Horace Benedict de Saussure, physicist.
- 18 and 19 C:
- Jacques Necker, financier and statesman;
- Johann Caspar Lavater, philosopher;
- Johann David Wyss, writer;
- Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, teacher and writer;
- General Frederic de Laharpe, tutor of the Tzar Alexander
- Guillaume Henri Dufour, Swiss army general;
- Leopold Robert, painter;
- Albert Bitzius known as Jeremias Gotthelf, writer;
- Rodolphe Toepffer, known for his drawings.
- 19 C:
- Louis Agassiz, geologist;
- Nikolaus Riggenbach, engineer (built rack railways);
- Jacob Burckhardt, philosopher;
- Gottfried Keller, poet;
- Henri Frederic Amiel, writer;
- Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, poet.
- 19 and 20 C:
- Arnold Böcklin, painter;
- Henri Dunant, founder of
the Red Cross;
- Cesar Ritz, businessman and hotelier;
- Carl Spitteler, poet;
- Ferdinand Hodler, painter;
- Ferdinand de Saussure, linguist;
- Felix Valloton, painter;
- Carl Gustav Jung, psychoanalyst;
- Charles Ferdinand Ramuz, writer;
- the world famous clown Adrien Wettach better known under
the name of Grock;
- Ernest Ansermet, orchestra conductor;
- Frederic Sauser known as Blaise Cendrars, writer;
- Edouard Jeanneret Gris known as Le Corbusier, architect;
- Frank Martin and Arthur Honegger, musicians;
- Michel Simon, actor.
- 20 C:
- Alberto Giacometti, painter and sculptor;
- Mario Botta, architect;
- Hans Erni, painter;
- Jean Tinguely, sculptor;
- Max Frisch, writer;
- Friedrich Dürrenmatt, writer.
In addition one must include Swiss who chose to adopt a
different nationality for instance, the French writers Madame de
Stael, Benjamin Constant. Paul
Dirac, winner of the Physics Nobel Prize, was both a Swiss and Bristish
citizen until the age of 17. On the other hand there were foreigners who
decided to settle in Swiss territory: the reformer Johannes
Calvin, the painters Conrad Witz, Holbein the Younger, the artist Daniel Spoerri, the authors Hermann Hesse, Robert
Musil, the film director Charly Chaplin, the writer Georges
Simenon, the cigar importer Zino Davidoff, etc.
Albert Einstein is
of the city of Zürich in 1900.
Klee was born in Switzerland, but of German nationality; he later also
lives in Germany. In 1933 he returns to Switzerland as emigrant. For 1940 it is
planned to grant him Swiss citizenship, but he dies a few days prior to the
Albert Schweitzer, the famous physician, theologist, musician
and philospher, despite his name was not Swiss! He was born as a
German in Kaysersberg, Elsass, 14. 1. 1875 - 4. 9.1965,
Lambarene, Gabun and became French in 1918 after WW I.
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