Canton Schaffhausen (SH)

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General Information
DEUTSCH / ENGLISH / FRANÇAIS


GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION:

The Canton Schaffhausen is the most northerly canton of Switzerland and has an area of 112 square miles (298 km2), of which about 90 percent is classed as productive. It lies, with the exception of a small part near Stein am Rhein, north of the Rhein River and west of Lake Constance (Bodensee).
Through the historical evolution the canton Schaffhausen is divide into three detached parts two of it are virtually surrounded on the north, east, and west by Germany.
The main part of the Canton with the capital Schaffhausen (97 square miles, 251 km2) spreads from the Rhein River fan-shaped over the valleys and the hills of the Randen and Reiat to the West, North and East. In addition it contains the small German enclave of Büsingen.
The corner Stein am Rhein (12 square miles, 31 km2) starts at the end of the lake Constanze (Untersee) and extends with a small portion across the Rhein to its south bank.
The most southern part, the small isolated district of Rüdlingen-Buchberg (4.6 square miles, 12 km2) is almost totally surrounded by the canton Zurich.
The most dominant mountain is the plateau of Randen reaching 2,992 feet (912 m) at the summit, the Hagen, the most depressed point lays at 1,128 feet (344m). The gentle fertile valley to the south called the Klettgau was formed 50’000 years ago by the ancient Rhein River. To the West of town Schaffhausen there are the famous Rhine Falls, the largest falls in Europe.

Names of he 34 communities of the Canton Schaffhausen see Demographic Information

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DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION:

The 34 communities of the Canton Schaffhausen

Population 1996
Altdorf SH.............196 Merishausen...............666
Bargen SH..............237 Neuhausen am Rheinfall..10559
Barzheim...............182 Neunkirch................1783
Beggingen..............534 Oberhallau................435
Beringen..............2919 Opfertshofen SH...........139
Bibern SH..............297 Osterfingen...............354
Buch SH................288 Ramsen...................1211
Buchberg...............734 Rüdlingen.................591
Büttenhardt............353 Schaffhausen (inkl.
Dörflingen.............723 .Buchtalen,Herblingen)..33810
Gächlingen.............802 Schleitheim..............1750
Guntmadingen...........240 Siblingen.................763
Hallau................2023 Stein am Rhein...........3130
Hemishofen.............337 Stetten SH................709
Hemmental..............517 Thayngen.................3803
Hofen..................129 Trasadingen...............554
Lohn SH................602 Wilchingen...............1362
Löhningen.............1103

Total population 1996......73835
Foreigners..................19,4
Density of population........247 / km2
Birth 1996...................800
Death 1996...................800

Source BFS

More Information about the Canton Schaffhausen .

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HISTORY:

Historically, the canton Schaffhausen represents the acquisitions made at various times by the city of Schaffhausen. During the medieval time aristocracy and monastery determine the life in the canton.
1005 The monastery St. Georgen receives the permission for Stein am Rhein for stamping coins
1045 First mentioned as Villa Scafhusun receiving the permission for stamping coins
1049 Count Eberhard III of Nellenburg founds there the Benedictine monastery of All Saints.
1104 Consecration of the present cathedral All Saints
1190 Monastery and town became a free imperial city
1330 The emporer pledges the Town, it falls under Habsburg domination
1411 The Guilts take over the power in Schaffhausen
1415 Schaffhausen buys its independence
1457 Stein am Rhein buys its independence, alliances with the towns Schaffhausen und Zurich
1499 „Schwabenkrieg“, battles in the Klettgau and Hegau (Thayngen) between the Swiss Confederation and the emperor
1501 Schaffhausen becomes a full member in the Swiss Confederation
1529 Reformation, but the opposing Anabaptism is spreading in many villages
1689 The Guilds are defeating their power against the absolute tendencies of mayor Tobias Holländer by introducing raffling for the political offices.
1798 The forces of Napolen conquer Switzerland. Stein am Rhein and Ramsen are assigned to the canton Schaffhausen
1802 Johann Conrad Fischer starts a steel foundry in the Mühlental near Schaffhausen
1813 Foundation of the mechanical cotton spinning-works. At times up to 90 children are working there.
1814-1850 Missing the start of the industrialization leads to stagnation, crises and social misery, resulting in mass emigration.
1831 The rural population forces politically equal rights.
1835 Baden (neighboring Germany) joins the German custom union, this leads to a economical crises in Schaffhausen.
1857-1897 Inauguration of the rail roads Winterthur-Schaffhausen, Waldshut-Schaffhausen- Konstanz, Schaffhausen-Stein am Rhein-Kreuzlingen, Schaffhausen-Bülach-Zurich.
1863 Heinrich Moser finishes the Moser-dam and the turbine station. Manufacturing companies are starting on the border of the Rhein their production.
1914-18 The closing of the borders and the military service leads to wide spread social misery
1918 General strike in Schaffhausen too. Against the striking workers the rural villagers are called to arms.
1944 The town Schaffhausen is hit by bombs of lost American planes.

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GENEALOGICAL AND HISTORICAL SOCIETIES:

The local genealogical society is
GENEALOGISCH-HERALDISCHE GESELLSCHAFT ZÜRICH

If you have questions about genealogical research in Canton Schaffhausen you may contact

You are further invited to discuss your questions with other researchers interested in canton Schaffhausen on the "Genealogieforum Schaffhausen" (dialogue in German or French). The archive is open to visitors to read; in order to be able to respond or start a new thread, however, registration (free of charge) is required. When posting, please, keep in mind that only topics related to Schaffhausen should be placed here; for topics related to other regions, please, change to the corresponding canton or to the forum for Switzerland in general (dialogue in German or French).
 
The local historical society is:
HISTORISCHER VEREIN DES KANTONS SCHAFFHAUSEN

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OTHER USEFUL ADDRESSES:

County Archive:
Staatsarchiv (inventory overview)
Rathausbogen 4
CH - 8200 Schaffhausen
phone: ++41 52 632 7368
opening hours : Tues through Fri, 9-12 / 13-17
City Archive :
Stadtarchiv
Fronwagplatz 24
CH - 8200 Schaffhausen
phone: ++41 52 632 5232
Town Museum:
Museum Allerheiligen
Klosterplatz 1
CH - 8200 Schaffhausen
Telefon: ++41 52 625 4377

Register of libraries and archives in Canton Schaffhausen.

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NON-GENEALOGICAL PAGES ON THE CANTON

1. Official Home Page of the Canton

2. Home Page of the Tourist Office

3. Private Pages on Canton :

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GENEALOGICAL INFORMATION

1. Family Pages and Regional e-mail Contacts

3. Sources

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BIBLIOGRAPHY AND LITERATURE

In German only

Bächtold Kurt; Geschichte von Wilchingen, 1988
Schib Karl; Die Geschichte der Stadt und Landschaft Schaffhausen, 1972
Winzeler J.; Geschichte von Thayngen, 1963
Urner-Astholzer H. et al; Geschichte der Stadt Stein am Rhein, 1957
Frauenfelder R.; Die Kunstdenkmäler des Kt. Schaffhausen I, II, III, 1951
Steinemann E.; Die Kirchenbücher des Kantons Schaffhausen, 1951
Meyer R.; Heimatkunde und Geschichte von Hallau, 1938
Wanner C. und H.; Geschichte von Schleitheim; 1931
Wipf Jakob; Reformations-Geschichte der Stadt und Landschaft Schaffhausen, 1929
Pestalozzi_Kutter T.; Kulturgeschichte des Kt. Schaffhausen und seiner Nachbargebiete1928 Wildberger Wilhelm; Geschichte der Stadt Neunkirch, 1917
----; Festschrift der Stadt Schaffhausen, 1901
----; Festschrift des Kanton Schaffhausen, 1901
Rüeger Johann Jakob; Chronik der Stadt und Landschaft Schaffhausen, 1884
Ernst Steinemann; Zur Schaffhauserischen Auswanderung, in Beiträge zur Vaterländischen Geschichte, Historisch - Antiquarischen Vereine Kantons Schaffhausen 13. Heft 1936.
Ernst Steinemann; Die schaffhauserische Auswanderung und ihre Ursachen, Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Geschichte 14.Jahrgang Heft 3 und 4, 1934.
Don Yoder; Pennsylvania German Immigrants 1709-1786
Historischer Verein des Kantons Schaffhausen; Schaffhauser Kantonsgeschichte des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts

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This page is maintained by Willy Schwarz. / Last updated 16 March 2014(wws).
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